The long Darvocet history has not been devoid of issues and questions. Misuse and abuse cases have been the order of the day with the FDA offering quick response procedures when it occurs; priority given to contacting emergency services. The main reason is not that the drug contains opioids; but because the ingredients are highly toxic and potentially damaging to internal body organs within a very short period of overdose. In addition, the analgesic effects are uncertain for different kind of personalities.
Among the three, Darvocet was manufactured with the weakest form of Dextropropoxyphene - derived from methadone. Conversely, the levels of toxicity are immense. It has a potency of roughly two-thirds that of codeine (equivalent to a twentieth of morphine). The Food and Drug Abuse (FDA) categorize Darvocet as a schedule IV drug used for mild to moderate pains. Its tolerance levels are low and it would require a frequent smoker taking double the dosage to attain the same effects.
Percocet and vicodin are relatively stronger than Darvocet. Vicodin has hydrocodone which has a potency of a quarter that of morphine. It is categorized as a Schedule III drug for relief of moderate pains. On the other hand, Percocet is much stronger because of its oxycodone composition. Its potency is similar to that of morphine or slightly higher, and it is usually recommended for severe pains. By itself, it is a Schedule II drug with a high abuse liability. As such, overdose and abuse has become a challenging issue considering the dubious effects that a victim is susceptible to.
The fact that Darvocet is a milder opioid has been misinterpreted by many users throughout history. They believed that the drug can be taken safely even in higher doses without dire consequences compared to other prescription. Rolling back the clock, we learn that it was brought to the market for patients that had a difficulty synthesizing other stronger opiates or those that showed uncontrollable side effects. This misperception has increased the potential for its use, as such contributing to the far-reaching yet lethal cases of overdose. FDA officially withdrew any medicine containing propoxyphene from the market after numerous cases of observed changes in heart rhythm from users who took it under normal prescription.
Furthermore, the dextropropoxyphene compound can invoke suicidal tendencies and it is the reason why the drug is never prescribed to individuals with a suicidal history or those taking antidepressants. Acetaminophen is also reported to cause extensive damage to the liver. That said, the drug effects worsen whenever taken in conjunction with antihistamines, antidepressants, alcohol, sleeping pills and other sedatives.
Over time, a set of signs have been documented as clear indicators of misuse and overdose of Darvocet. Jaundice is common with the skin retaining a blue tint and the eyes turning deep yellow. The individual may experience trouble breathing and heartbeat rates become irregular or abnormally slow. Drowsiness, dizziness and sedation are also common. Other symptoms to look for include nausea, incessant stomach pains, small pupils followed by dilation, diarrhea, profuse sweating, seizures, and even coma which may result in death.
Darvocet abuse causes dependency, tolerance and addiction just like any other type of drug abuse. Information from Darvocet history ascertains that continued and heavy usage of the drug means that the body gets accustomed to functioning with the drug. Withdrawal may cause adverse, though not fatal symptoms. Over time it has become apparent that heavy use is rampant, mostly because the effects of the drug are mild to moderate.
Extreme cases of Darvocet overdose may result in death within minutes, therefore it is important that immediate treatment be infused to counteract the preliminary effects. The first precaution is to call emergency services as soon as possible and ensure the victim doesn't take any food or drinks unless under professional advice. Also, make sure the individual is not moving in any way as this might speed up absorption rate. Induced vomiting by a doctor may help prevent further advancement of toxins. N-acetylcysteine is administered to prevent liver annihilation from the effects of acetaminophen and an antidote also helps counter the effects of dextropropoxyphene.
It is also tactful to learn from past mistakes. Information from Darvocet history serves as a point of reference of how the drug can detrimentally affect an individual if misused or overdosed. Quick response, not only in case of overdose but also if you suspect abuse, goes a long way in saving lives and ensuring full recovery.