Dexedrine is an amphetamine drug. When a person's body is stressed, the central nervous system prepares him for physical action through the creation of specific physiological changes. This amphetamine prompts the brain to start this 'fight or flight" response and to produce the following changes:
When used in small doses, Dexedrine can banish tiredness and make one feel refreshed and alert. However, this energy burst comes at a price. The high is usually followed by a "speed crash" that may leave the individual feeling depressed, irritable, nauseous, and extremely exhausted.
The effects are determined by numerous factors which include other medical conditions, a person's body weight, and other medication the individual might be taking. Dexedrine comes as either long-acting tablets (6 to 12 hours) or short-acting (about 4 hours). The effects of the shorter-acting medication occur in about 20 minutes, while those for the longer-acting medication take place in about one hour.
Numerous human clinical trials and animal studies that have been conducted over the years have shown how this amphetamine drug works. The drug suppresses all impulsive behavior. Dexedrine effects in humans are visible in a decrease of the following behaviors:
Dexedrine also enhances obsessive-compulsive behaviors including restricted but overly focused activities. Other effects this drug causes include:
Stomach problems often occur at the beginning of a new drug therapy. This drug is no exception. The United States Food and Drug Administration explain that Dexedrine can cause mild queasiness, nausea, and also diarrhea. Individuals taking this drug may develop constipation and have problems with bowel movements accompanied by stomaching cramping or bloating. It is advisable to take the medication with food as it can help reduce these effects.
The gastric problems brought by consuming Dexedrine may induce weight loss accompanied by loss of appetite. Also linked to the weight issue is the aspect of developmental growth. If a child is taking Dexedrine for a prolonged period, he must be closely monitored by a pediatrician to ensure that he is growing within the normal age limits and also gaining weight. When Dexedrine is used continuously for a long time, it can decrease the rate of developmental growth process. This effect is however dependent on the individual's age and their duration on the drug.
Since this drug is a central nervous system stimulant, it stimulates activity in many of the body's systems. The drug's label states that after a dose of Dexedrine is taken, the cardiovascular system may be affected by an enhanced heartbeat. Insomnia, tremors, and shaking may occur resulting in quick and irregular heartbeats. If these changes in heart rate occur together with shortness of breath or chest pains in a child, a doctor must be consulted immediately for treatment.
Dexedrine effects also include dizziness or mild headaches. These are mild effects that occur as an individual's body gets accustomed to the new drug and usually get resolved on their own. Over-the-counter analgesics can be taken to help reduce the painful headaches. Individuals should be cautious if they experience dizziness that produces instability whenever they walk or stand up. Also, lying down occasionally can help lessen both side effects.
Like other amphetamines, this drug can enhance disordered thought or disturbed behavior in psychotic children. If a mother takes Dexedrine when she is pregnant, she increases the risks of giving birth to a premature baby or to one with a low birth weight. The baby may become apathetic, depressed and even agitated as he undergoes withdrawal symptoms. This drug can also be consumed through breast milk and cause a nursing infant to undergo withdrawal symptoms and other side effects if the mother takes the drug.
Before you or your child get started on Dexedrine, it is important to tell your doctor about any existing health conditions you may have because this drug may not be the right one for both of you. Also, tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding, pregnant or planning to get pregnant in the near future. He will be able to prescribe similar medication which doesn't have powerful effects.