Tussionex is an oral only cough suppressant. It is normally used to relief people suffering from upper respiratory conditions like common colds and some allergies. Though it is sold in various brand names, its generic name is chlorpheniramine and hydrocodone. Hydrocodone is a narcotic cough suppressant while chlorpheniramine is an antihistamine that fights the body's natural chemical histamine. It is as a result of histamine that people suffer running nose, sneezing, watery eyes and itching. The drug is an extended release medication hence it is eased into the body slowly.
Due to the component of Hydrocodone, the sale and use of this drug is controlled by government regulations. This is to curb its addictive nature as it has been known to be abused by drug addicts. In overdose, it is fatal as it works in the brain's "cough center" to help reduce the urge to cough. Chlorpheniramine works by blocking specifically the acetylcholine receptors. Though triggers some minor side effects, it aids in mitigating running nose. It also prevents histamine from binding with the H1 receptors thus avoiding triggering numerous allergies.
The general prescription is to take it every 12 hours. Your doctor could also advice otherwise thus it is better to use it under a doctor's prescription. Frequent ingestion of the drug before the 12 hours elapse can cause respiratory problems which can turn fatal. It is advisable to shake it before use and to measure dosage using medication-measuring devices not a table teaspoon. Eschew mixing the drug with other liquids or medicines. It is strictly not a medication for children under the age of 6 years.
There is a possibility of withdrawal symptoms if a patient has used for long. These only occur when you abruptly stop using the drug. The reactions include sweating profusely, bowel movements, restlessness, vomiting and nausea. Thus the dosage should be withdrawn slowly according to your doctor's recommendation. The drug may also fail to work properly if used for a long time. In such instances, your dosage may be increased or the medication could be completely changed. The former may lead to addiction thus not always recommended among many practicing doctors.
It is advisable for patients to be open to their doctors on other medical complications they may be suffering from. This is prudent in that there is a possibility of Tussionex interfering with the normal working of other medications you may already be using. It could also trigger severe allergies and other negative effects. Tell the doctor whether you suffer from these conditions: asthma or croup, narrow-angle glaucoma, enlarged prostrate or urethra stricture, under active thyroid, Addison disease, diarrhea or chronic constipation, seizures or tumors, pancreas disorders, cardiac arrest, mental problems, or have a history drug abuse. You should, from previous experience, also tell him whether you are allergic to the drug.
Those driving or operating machines thus requiring an acute sight should discontinue their work for sometime when using this medication as it blurs vision. Dizziness from the drug can be reduced by always rising slowly from a sitting or lying position. It is significant to tell the surgeon before going to an operation theatre all your prescription drugs. For the diabetic, it is crucial to get a prescription from your doctor. Children are more vulnerable to the medication as it causes breathing problems and agitation instead of drowsiness.
Pregnant women or potential mothers should not use the drug without a doctor's advice. It should not be used during pregnancy except in extreme cases for it can increase birth defects more so when used in the first trimester. Though not known if it can affect a breastfeeding baby, as a mother you should keep alert if you are taking the drug. Look out for feeding and breathing problems and unusual sleepiness in your baby and consult your doctor immediately.
Tussionex has been known to cause allergies like hives, breathing problems, impromptu swellings and rashes, wheezing, itching and painful swallowing. This does not occur always. The possible side effects include hallucinations, urination problems, chest pains, shallow breathing, mood swings, blurred vision, profuse sweating, constipation, dry mouth, fatigue, drowsiness, anxiety, and sometimes seizures and irregular heartbeat.
Coughs occur as a result of expiratory action, that is, the body's need to clear the air passages. It could also be as a symptom of lower and upper respiratory systems disorders like common cold and allergies. Prescription medications should never be shared and this squarely includes Tussionex.