Klonopin is the brand name for clonazepam. The latter is a drug that is classified as a benzodiazepine. It is an anticonvulsant and a muscle relaxant and is commonly prescribed for individuals with seizure disorders or musculoskeletal problems. However, it is also an anxiolytic and hypnotic, both of which are used to treat panic attacks and generalized anxiety. When used appropriately, it is quite effective in treating the aforementioned disorders and conditions. However, any use of Klonopin beyond the amount prescribed by a licensed health care practitioner is indicative of abuse. Obtaining the medication without a valid prescription is also considered the action of a person who is developing, or has already developed, an addiction or dependency.
Approximately 33 percent of those who take Klonopin for more than 30 days will likely develop some form of dependence on the medication, even when taken exactly as prescribed by their physician. Two kinds of addiction occur in those who take such drugs and these are psychological and physical. Psychological dependence stems from the fact that one enjoys the sensation that he or she experiences when using Klonopin. This leads to cravings that cause the person to use the drug for reasons other than those for which it was originally prescribed. Physical dependence is simply the individual's body becoming tolerant to the drug when it is used on a regular basis. Tolerance simply means that more and more of the drug is needed to achieve the same effect. Almost all individuals who use Klonopin experience increased tolerance as time goes on.
Those who use Klonopin in order to feel euphoric or for other recreational purposes have a much greater likelihood of becoming addicted or dependent on it, due to the quick rate at which this euphoric feeling diminishes. In addition, such individuals have no guidance on proper dosing, as they are typically not acquiring the drug legally. Therefore, they often ramp up to highly dangerous levels of the medication without even realizing they are doing so. They may also inadvertently use it with other prescription medications that they have obtained legitimately, but which interact with the Klonopin in a negative way. This can lead to severe complications or medical emergencies.
Depending on the nature of one's addiction, the withdrawal symptoms experienced can range from mild discomfort to physical sickness and emotional upheaval. For instance, if the person who is addicted to or dependent on the drug is able to slowly decrease the dose a little each week until he or she has weaned off the medicine, serious withdrawal side effects can often be avoided. However, those who do not possess adequate willpower to gradually wean off the drug typically experience severe withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms include impaired coordination, dizziness, anxiety, stomach pain, confusion, nausea, headache, and the feeling that one has a substantial hangover, such as that seen with alcohol. Those who have abused Klonopin for an extended period will probably experience more severe withdrawal symptoms than those who have taken the drug for only a short length of time.
Fortunately, treatment programs are available for those who have developed a dependency or addiction to Klonopin. Such therapy includes counseling and various treatments for withdrawal symptoms. Although certain individuals have successfully overcome a Klonopin addiction without professional help, most men and women who attempt to tackle such a program alone ultimately return to their habit.
Professional treatment programs are designed to offer the appropriate support needed by those who are struggling with a substance abuse problem. Counseling and group therapy, as well as regular visits to a medical doctor who is aware of the situation will boost the person's chance of success in overcoming his or her addiction. Additionally, certain programs provide medication that can substantially lessen the number and severity of withdrawal side effects. For this reason, the best course of action for those who have become victims of the vicious cycle of drug abuse should speak to their primary health care provider about possible treatment options. Many people are also pleased to discover that most insurance plans cover at least part of the cost of drug or alcohol rehabilitation programs. Those struggling with addiction or dependency should not delay, but seek professional help as soon as possible.