Neurontin is used for the management and control of seizures with an active ingredient called gabapentin, which is also the name of the generic form of the medication. The medication is an anti-epileptic or an anti-convulsant on the large scale, but is also used to control postherpetic neuralgia in adults.
The inactive ingredients of Neurontin capsules are Talc, cornstarch, and lactose with some capsules containing gelatine and even yellow iron oxide, titanium dioxide and red iron oxide or a combination of the three oxides. The Neurontin tablet's inactive ingredients are copolyvidonum, poloxamer 407, corn starch, hydroxypropyl cellulose, magnesium stearate, talc, purified water and candelilla. Neurontin also comes in liquid solution that contains glycerine, water, xylitol, artificial strawberry anise flavour as its inactive ingredients.
The active ingredient of Neurontin, Gabapentin, was first discovered in 1970 in Japan. The Japanese was, at the time, looking for a muscle relaxer, or anti-spasmodic. The chemical was later sold to Warner - Lambert / Pfizer conglomerate, Parke - Davis, who realized the medications effective in treating the symptoms of epilepsy. The company put the medication under trails in small dosages, which lead Pfizer to categorize it as an add-on medication. This means that the patient was to be given a stronger anti-convulsant with a low dose of Gabapentin to be administered thereafter. At the same time the drug was being put through a different study with final results (incomplete), establishing Gabapentin as a mono therapy.
The company has also manufactured an extended release system that is currently used in the treatment of Restless Leg Syndrome. Restless Leg Syndrome is a condition, or neurologic disorder, in which the patient's leg continuously feels uncomfortable. This leads the patient to want to move his or her leg in an effort to somehow make them more comfortable, usually to no avail.
The medication works in a way to prevent pain and seizures in certain conditions that affect the nervous system. It is not to be used as a minor pain relief as it only affects the nervous system in certain conditions.
Before you take any medication you have to, with your doctor, decide if the good the medicine will do for you will outweigh the bad it will do. All drugs on the market has side effects, these are things you will need to consider before taking any medication.
Allergies - Tell your doctor if you have any allergic reactions to food or medication you have taken in the past.
Uses for Children - The medication has not been established to have any bad side-effects for children. However, it has not been tested on children younger than 3 years old. Speak to your doctor about the effects this medication will have on your child if he or she is younger than that age.
Uses in older Patients - There is no study that shows that the medication is less useful in elderly people. However, the medication does hold side effects that elder patients may feel are unwanted in their daily routine. Be sure to speak to your doctor if you are the caretaker of an elder person taking Neurontin.
Pregnancy - There are no studies done for this medication in the effects for pregnant women. Your medical practitioner may be well equipped to make a decision on this matter. Similarly there are no adequate studies done for breastfeeding mothers. Again, you have to weigh the good with the bad.
Medications - there are certain medications that should not be mixed with Neurontin. However, sometimes mixing the following medication with this drug cannot be helped. In these cases your doctor will lower the dosage of either medication. These medications are Naproxen and Ketolac.
There are also some medications that, when taken with Neurontin, will increase the side-effects of both medications. These are Ginkgo, Magaldrate, Aluminum Carbonate, Aluminum Phosphate, Magnesium Hydroxide, Morphine, Magnesium Oxide, and Morphine Sulphate, among others. While these medications will increase the side-effects you may overcome, taking these medications with Neurontin will greatly benefit you in the long run.
If you are going to take this medication you need to take it exactly as prescribed. Some medications should not be taken at the same time with food, and some should not be taken on an empty stomach. Speak to your health care professional and take Neurontin only as recommended.