Doctors and medical researchers have strived for decades to find a substance to aleviate severe pain for patients. In the early 1900's two German scientists synthesized an opiad alkaloid called Thebain to be used to combat pain. It was believed at the time to be a non addictive substitute for other addictive drugs such as Heroin. This new pain medication was called Oxycodone. Americans would later become introduced to this new drug only after it was joined with aspirin. It then became known as Percodan in the 1930's.
This Percodan would become the most widely used pain reliever of the early 1960's era. It became the source of over one third of the drug addictions in California. It was at that time publically condemned by the California Attorney General for drug addictions in that state. Further still, another form of Oxycodone was released to the masses in the early 1970's era known as Percocet. Fortunately this was actually kept under stricter control. In fact the precurser agency of the current Drug Enforcement Adminisration, called the National Bureau of Narcotics, ordered a national tightening of restrictions of the drug. Finally, in the early 1970's Oxycodone and any Opiate drugs were listed as a Schedule 2 drug. This listing was a clear statement that Oxycodone has a high potential of abuse and serious psychological as well as physical dependence to the individual.
For yet another decade medical researchers and doctors would primarily rely on Oxycodone to relieve Chronic pain in their patients. The need for chronic pain relief would lead to the Texas Medical Board finally adopting revision in the language. This revision in the late 1980's would encourage wider pain killer use and was followed by thirteen other states. For yet another decade there would be numerous drugs used for pain killers such as Tylox; ( Tylenol and Oxycodone), Percocet, Percodan and many other derivatives of the Oxycodone.
Perdu Pharma a pharmeceutical company released the first uncut form of Oxcodone named Oxycontin in the late 1990's. This new uncut form was released as a time release medication with intentions of preventing abuse. Quite swiftly, within a mere two years; this new drug accounted for approximately 80% of the entire profits reported for the pharmeceutical company. Unfortunately, it seems while the pharmeceuticals profits rose so did the reported arrests and overdoses, as reported by police. The drug quickly acquired it's street name of the " Hillbilly Heroin, due to its pure Oxycodone ingredient and highstreet value. At the average street value of $1.00 per milligram; both the pharmeceutical and the Federal Drug Administration gave warnings to the public about recreational use. This warning was issued in early 2001 for the masses. This warning was to warn the masses of this drugs high risk of abuse and dependence for good reason.
The drug was originally presribed in several various dosages. As a 10, 20, 40, 80 or 160 mg tablet. The 160 mg tablet which was available in early 2000 was sopped in production and use. It's production was terminated due to it's very high potential for widespread abuse. The drugs detrimental effects are linked to several deaths in recent history. Even in the latter 1990's the Federal government listed approximately 49 deaths to overdose of the drug. A short three years later, at the end of the decade the overdose rate rose to well over 200 individuals. The drug is historically abused in one of three methods. It is either crushed and then snorting the powder, chewing it or crushing and dissolving in water, then injecting it. These methods of abuse are in actuality an attempt to bypass the drugs time release action. Ingesting the drug in these ways speed up its efects since the drug was not intended to be ingested or used this way. The risk of abuse increases as a result quite dramatically. Additionally, some individuals will combine Oxycodone use with alcohol, yet again increasing their risks substantially.
It is easy to understand that this medication is a great relief to one in pain, yet it can also be the source of pain when abused and addiction sets in. This very strong medication should therefore be used as it was historically created for; a chronic pain reliever. History shows that abusing this drug can result in the physically, mentally detrimental and in some cases, fatal affects of addiction.