Oxycodone is present in several pain relieving medicines we use in our everyday life. It is an useful prescription drug that helps to relieve moderate to severe pain. This medication is usually taken around the clock and is also available in combination with many other non-opioid analgesics. If consumed in excess of the approved dosage, oxycodone may lead to respiratory complication and death. It is a habit-forming drug which can cause serious addiction and severe side effects.
Headache, Dizziness and Fatigue:
Headache, dizziness and fatigue are the most common side effects of oxycodone. These can reduce over time once the body starts adjusting to oxycodone. However, the patient must use caution while handling dangerous machinery or driving until they identify how this medicine will affect them. They should also avoid drinking alcohol whilst taking oxycodone as it may augment these side effects by causing difficulty in breathing and ultimately leads to death.
Nausea and Vomiting:
Users may have gastrointestinal side effects. This often includes nausea and vomiting. However, taking this medicine with food can help to lessen the side effects. These effects may lessen over a period of time after the body adjusts to oxycodone. Eating a plain diet with smaller meals spread all through the day may aid to fight nausea and vomiting.
Constipation is a common side effect seen in all narcotic medications. With prolonged use of oxycodone, constipation becomes a chronic disorder. Therefore, patients who need oxycodone for a long period of time typically needs stool softeners, bowel stimulants or bulk-forming laxatives to preserve bowel health. One should avoid taking narcotics if they suffer from a bowel disorder referred to as paralytic ileus.
Oxycodone may cause harm to a fetus. Moreover, it is possible to spread oxycodone through breast milk and also via the placenta. Nursing mothers that take oxycodone may transmit the addiction to the babies. Often the babies are born addicted to the medicine.
Dry mouth is one more potential side effect of oxycodone. The use of lozenges, mints or mouthwash may help to relieve dry mouth.
Itching and Sweating:
Itching and sweating of the skin can take place while using oxycodone. These effects may reduce after the body gets used to this medicine. However, if itching becomes troublesome then one can use anti-itch medications, with a physician's consent.
Reduced Breathing Rate:
Oxycodone use leads to respiratory depression, or reduces the breathing rate, by declining in the responsiveness of the brain stem centers. A single dosage of oxycodone that is more than 40 mg or a total daily dosage that is greater than 80 mg may cause lethal respiratory depression in users that are intolerant to the side effects of oxycodone.
Postural hypotension, also referred to as orthostatic hypotension, is a rapid drop in blood pressure level upon standing. It can be seen in about 3-5 percent of patients who taking oxycodone and it commonly affects the elderly. Users suffering from postural hypotension must use caution while climbing stairs and rising from lying or sitting position.
Psychological Side Effects:
Psychological effects are also linked with the oxycodone dose. Many users may experience nervousness, confusion and anxiety. Abnormal dreams and thoughts along with euphoria can occur in many oxycodone users. These patients must be cautious while engaging in activities that need alertness.
Lesser Known Oxycodone Side Effects:
The lesser known side effects may comprise of diarrhea, anxiety, euphoria, impotency, dyspnea, reduction in testosterone secretion and swelling of prostate gland. Apart from these, the user can also experience hiccups, severe abdominal pain and nervousness.
Serious Oxycodone Side Effects:
Serious oxycodone side effects can include seizures, cold-clammy skin, light-headedness and loss of consciousness. Oxycodone can often cause signs of allergic reactions such as rash, hives, hoarseness, difficulty in swallowing as well as swelling of the ankles, lower legs, feet, hands, lips, eyes, tongue, face or throat.
Overall, if any of these side effects of oxycodone are noticed, one must consult the physician immediately. One should not stop the dosage when they notice these side effects, since stopping the dosage is more likely to prompt a series of withdrawal symptoms that are equally severe in nature. Oxycodone side effects can also cause further complications hence; they should be dealt with at the earliest.