Triazolam is a benzodiazepene commonly used to treat severe insomnia. Among all the benzodiazepenes, Triazolam is known as one of the most high risk for the development of physical and psychological dependence. Drug tolerance can develop in a matter of days following the start of use, and (due to the two hour half life of the drug) withdrawal symptoms can begin to appear between doses after as little as ten days.
These factors all contribute to the fact that Triazolam addiction treatment is often required. Since dependence develops quickly many patients take more than the prescribed dose of the drug, quickly deepening their dependence.
The development of Triazolam addiction depends on the individual, the dosage and the period of use, and some users are more susceptible to dependence than others. With extended use patients may find they have to increase their dose periodically to achieve the desired results, putting them at greater risk of an overdose.
Users who feel they must continue to take Triazolam in order to function should consider Triazolam addiction treatment. They should watch out for the following signs of addiction throughout their use: agitation, severe headaches, tremors, fatigue, unexplained fears, suicidal thoughts, sweating, muscle cramps, heart palpitations and upset stomach.
Extended use of Triazolam may result in patients taking a larger dose than prescribed. Self-medication, along with continuing symptoms of insomnia, confusion and possible suicidal thoughts, may lead users to overdose on the drug.
Users should watch out for symptoms of overdose such as intense fatigue, loss of coordination, slurred speech, breathing difficulties, seizures, coma or periods of unconsciousness.
Triazolam withdrawal, commonly known as 'benzo withdrawal', can occasionally be life threatening, and at the very least it is an intensely unpleasant and protracted experience for the sufferer. Severe withdrawal symptoms can persist for weeks, and clinically significant symptoms may still be present months or even a year after cessation of use.
When addicted users abruptly discontinue their use of Triazolam the withdrawal side effects can be as serious as homicidal or suicidal thoughts, delusions, mania and psychosis. As such, addicted users should only attempt to stop taking Triazolam in a safe, controlled environment and under the supervision of medical professionals.
The first step of any successful addiction treatment is to gradually and safely wean the user from the drug. A typical detox program will involve replacing the Triazolam dosage with diazepam or chlordiazepoxide, both of which are less potent medications with longer half lives (much like the replacement of heroin with methadone). The patient may also receive anti-anxiety medication to help control the psychological symptoms of withdrawal, and various medicines can be administered to help speed the recovery of the brain's chemical balance.
Triazolam detox can be performed as an inpatient or outpatient process depending on the severity of the addiction, but in either case the treatment will continue for quite some time. When the physical dependence has been managed and the patient is no longer reliant on Triazolam they can then move on to behavioral therapy. Individual therapy will try to pinpoint the cause of the addiction, and will then move on to establishing a new ground state for the patient, attempting to resolve any issues that may cause them to relapse.
Group therapy will also help, allowing patients to interact with people who are also going through the various stages of Triazolam withdrawal. Techniques can be shared with the group to help each member, and patients should be comforted by the knowledge that they are not going through these trials alone.
Once the initial detox and therapy stage of the Triazolam addiction treatment is complete the patient will then move on to family therapy (if applicable). Loved ones are often enablers of drug use, and it's vital to ensure that the patient understands that there is a strong support network to help them remain clean once the treatment is complete. Therapy can help air out unpleasant events that occurred as a result of the drug abuse, hopefully preventing such events from recurring.
Finally, as part of ongoing therapy to prevent a relapse the patient may be referred to a support group such as Narcotics Anonymous and asked to attend meetings to help remain on the straight and narrow.