Triazolam is a drug belonging to the group of drugs called Benzodiazepines. It is mainly used in the treatment of insomnia, a severe sleep disorder. Triazolam has sedative as well as hypnotic properties. The effect of the drug lasts only for a short period of time and thus it is not effective in all cases of insomnia.
Triazolam works exactly like any other drug falling under the category of Benzodiazepines. It acts on GABA, the neurotransmitter responsible for soothing nerves. An enhanced GABA causes drowsiness and help the patients fall asleep. Its effect lasts only for two hours and thus it is not really suitable for insomnia patients who awaken frequently during the night.
Triazolam is a drug that has been recognized as having the potential to be misused. The drug's properties such as its ability to induce drowsiness and relaxation might lead to abuse. Often, many users are tempted to take the drug in higher dosages leading to complications. Patients using the drug for a long time could develop dependency leading to addiction. It is also associated to adverse effects such as drug tolerance and rebound insomnia. Hence doctors advise that all Benzodiazepines including triazolam should be consumed in small dosages.
Patients are known to display withdrawal symptoms when triazolam is abruptly stopped or when the dosage is reduced. In fact, among all the Benzodiazepine drugs, triazolam is proved have the highest risk of developing withdrawal symptoms. The withdrawal symptoms typically feature the occurrence of severe insomnia which is worse than it was before the treatment.
• One of the biggest adverse effects of using triazolam is known as daytime withdrawal symptom. This happens because the drug has very short period of influence.
• A fairly common side effect of triazolam includes light headedness and dizziness.
• Confusion, euphoria, tiredness, faster heartbeats and hallucination occur in many using triazolam.
• Some of the less serious effects of the medication include lack of balance, drowsiness, lack of energy, mild depression, muscle weakness, nausea and vomiting.
• Triazolam acts very fast and make you sleepy within a short time. So, it is important that a patient should consume the drug only when he is prepared to sleep.
• Triazolam is known to cause short term memory loss. So, if a patient who uses the drug cannot immediately remember any activities that he has recently performed like driving, phone conversation or eating, he should contact his doctor immediately and report it.
• Triazolam belongs to the group of Benzodiazepines. If you are allergic to any other drugs belonging to the group like xanax or valium, there is a chance that you may be allergic to triazolam too. So, it is important that you let your medical practitioner know if you are allergic to any Benzodiazepines.
• Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should completely avoid taking triazolam. This drug may cause birth defects in the unborn child. Also, if the mother regularly takes triazolam, the baby could show withdrawal symptoms soon after birth.
• If you get an allergic reaction to triazolam, like hives or skin rashes, the medicine should be immediately stopped and the doctor should be contacted.
• Persons with any of the disease like glaucoma, kidney or liver diseases, breathing difficulties, or depression should first tell your doctor about them before starting the medications. Any history with alcohol or drug abuse should be taken into consideration before starting treatment with triazolam.
• Alcohol and other drugs- It cannot be emphasized anymore that any drugs or alcohol should be completely avoided by patients using triazolam. Since alcohol induces drowsiness, this may enhance the side effects caused by the drug.
• Your doctor knows best about your condition and about the medicines. So, patients should be extra careful in taking the medication only in the prescribed times and dosages. At any time, they should not take triazolam exceeding the prescribed dosage.
• Never give triazolam to any one, especially who are prone to drug abuse.
• Do not take other sleep medications with triazolam.
Triazolam causes drowsiness and lack body balance after waking up. Elderly people on triazolam are prone to falling resulting in injuries like, bone and hip fracture. Fractures in elderly take longer time to heal and hence it would be good to have someone to help when an elderly person on Triazolam wakes up.