Tylox is a combination capsule containing both acetaminophen and oxycodone, and it is used in the treatment of moderate to severe pain. While acetaminophen (paracetamol) is only a mild pain reliever it acts to increase the effect of oxycodone, making the Tylox combination capsule a more effective pain reliever than oxycodone alone.
While there are many pain relievers that have a larger risk of drug dependence than Tylox, since the capsule contains an opioid ingredient an user will eventually, given a large enough dose over a long enough period, develop a tolerance to the drug that will make a standard dose less effective over time. As a result there is a risk that users will increase their dosage to compensate for this tolerance, a move that could conceivably develop into physical and psychological dependence on the drug.
You should avoid driving or operating heavy machinery while using Tylox. A therapeutic dose may impair thinking and retard reflexes on the first use. You may resume these activities once you know the effect of Tylox on your body and mind.
You should tell your doctor if you have ever suffered from cirrhosis of the liver, or if you consume alcohol in significant volumes. Prior liver damage and alcoholic consumption can increase the risk of complications while using acetaminophen.
In rare cases Tylox may cause the side effect of confusion and abnormal thinking, which carries the small but significant risk that an user may unintentionally take an overdose of the pain reliever.
Common side effects likely to occur while using Tylox include nausea and vomiting, constipation, dizziness, drowsiness, headache and skin rash or itching. You should speak to your doctor if any of these symptoms become troubling.
More severe side effects of Tylox use include shallow breathing, reduced heart rate, cold, clammy skin, severe weakness or dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting, confusion, unusual thoughts of behavior, and convulsions. If you experience any of these symptoms you should seek emergency medical treatment at once.
Tylox is usually prescribed with the advice to take as needed up to a maximum number of capsules in a 24 hour period. As such, you may not have a set dosage schedule.
If your doctor has advised you to take Tylox at specific times and you forget to take a dose, you should take it as soon as you remember. If you are approaching the next dose you should simply skip the forgotten dose. Do not try to catch up by taking a double dose to compensate.
Unlike many other medications, Tylox contains two active ingredients that can potentially cause harm to users in the case of an overdose.
Acetaminophen overdose is the leading cause of acute liver failure in the US, and one of the most common causes of poisoning in the world. If a Tylox overdose results in acetaminophen toxicity the symptoms may not begin to appear until around 24 hours after the overdose, or the user may complain of light discomfort such as an upset stomach and nausea. Signs of liver failure may then develop, with the user suffering from confusion and weakness before possibly falling into a coma while blood sugar and blood pH drops.
If acetaminophen toxicity is caught early there is a good chance that the damage to the liver can be repaired. Without treatment, however, the liver may go into complete failure and the patient may require a transplant.
Tylox overdose will most likely be noticed first due to the effects of an oxycodone overdose. Too much oxycodone will likely cause the user extreme fatigue, slow breathing and pinpoint pupils. They may fall unconscious and, if so, it may prove difficult or impossible to wake them.
If the Tylox overdose is discovered early the user may be given activated charcoal to soak up the remaining oxycodone in their system, or in severe cases the antidote Narcan (though this comes with serious risks).
If the overdose is treated correctly there should be no lasting ill effects, and the patient may be back to normal within a day. If treatment does not succeed, however, there is the risk of permanent brain damage from a Tylox overdose.