Valium (diazepam) is prescribed totreat a number of physical and psychological conditions such as anxiety, sleeplessness, seizures and drug withdrawal. Prolonged use of valium is likely to cause addiction, as opposed to short-term use. Before we move on to Valium addiction treatment, let us first understand Valium dependency and addiction.
Valium is a benzodiazepine class of drug, with hypnotic, sedative, muscle relaxant, anti-convulsant and amnestic properties. This tranquilizer is often prescribed to treat various physical and psychological disorders, such as restless leg syndrome, anxiety and panic attacks, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, muscle pain and sleeplessness.
Diazepam also triggers the action of neurotransmitter GABA, (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid). This neurotransmitter is found in central nervous system, and helps in stopping the transmission of nerve impulses from one neuron to another and thereby regulating brain activity. It is a natural tranquilizer that calms down the nerve impulses creating a feelingof mental calmness, sleepiness, relaxation of muscles and reduced anxiety. Valium or diazepam addiction occurs from either recreational abuse or when self-administered to maintain its therapeutic effects. Some people use diazepam to get the feeling of "high", which is characterized by feeling relaxed, energetic, euphoria, pleasure etc.
People can develop Valium dependence to Valium even while they are following doctor's prescription. This occurs because the consistent doses of valium can build tolerance to it, requiring users to increase dosage to feel the same initial effect. Valium abuse or addiction exhibits the same signs and symptoms as other drugs classified as benzodiazepines. Some of the commonly observed symptoms are anxiety, depression, dizziness, panic attacks, restlessness, personality changes, irritability, seizures, sensitivity to light and sound, seating, tachycardia, confusion and insomnia. The symptoms of psychological dependence are usually much more powerful than the physical symptoms. The person becomes obsessed with the medication and starts taking larger doses of valium. Psychological dependence means that the person is convinced that they need the drug to feel happy and function normally.
The actual time to develop valium dependency or addiction varies from person to person. It depends upon factors like dose prescribed, condition it is treating, and the person's body chemistry. If a person is suffering from any mental disorder, then Valium addiction with be worse and will aggravate the mental condition symptoms.
Valium addiction is a serious issue that has the potential to disrupt almost all the aspects of a person's life and relationships. The most effective treatment programs for valium addiction combine physical rehabilitation and detoxification with therapeutic counselling.
Treatment for valium starts with detoxification. Detoxification is the process during which valium toxins are flushed out of the body. The full assessment of the person's needs is done by a medical professional to determine the right course of treatment. After that, valium dose is gradually reduced to slowly wean the person off the drug. The entire process may take up to three weeks. During the detox process, the person may experience few withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety, sweating, insomnia, headache, nausea, vomiting and depression. Psychological withdrawal symptoms are carefully handled by medical professionals to ensure a successful recovery.
The next phase of valium addiction treatment is valium counseling and therapy. Following detox, recovering Valium users are given a variety of therapy options. What may successfully treat one person may not work for another. Medical professionals usually advise a person to attaend a program at a rehabilitation center, and attend counseling sessions. Rehabilitation facilities offer Valium users the tools and support they need to complete their withdrawal process and overcome the addiction. Rehab helps in addressing physical withdrawal and therapy sessions help in fighting psychological withdrawal symptoms.
Group therapy or individual counseling sessions or both are recommended depending upon the requirements. One-on-one counseling helps the addict to discuss the current problems and past events with the therapist. Group therapy sessions encourage Valium users to meet other people who are going through the same phase. Behavioral and cognitive therapy is the part of the sessions where the person is taught about the coping strategies, so they are less likely to turn to Valium in a crisis.
In order to prevent relapse, most of the rehab centers offer 12-step programs mediated by licensed professionals.