Valium does not have a very long history, as long as only time is taken into consideration - only five decades. However, in this short time, Valium has become one of the most notorious prescription drugs around the world.
In the course of the 60s and 70s, drugs that were medically referred to as psychopharmaceuticals were introduced to the American market. Valium soon became known as a "Mother's helper", due to the fact that it was allegedly supposed to relieve the intense stress of early motherhood.
The denomination "Valium" derives from a Latin expression that actually means "to be well and strong". Hence, the primary aim of this drug was to help people feel stronger in the psychological sense of the term.
Valium was launched by the Roche Laboratories, a Swiss pharmaceutical company, in the year 1963. In a very short time, it became something that is commonly referred to as a blockbuster drug, due to its immense popularity, especially among young mothers who suffered from post-partum depression.
The Roche Laboratories became renowned for being the first pharmaceutical company to introduce a new branch in the field of psychopharmacology - psychotropic drugs, such as Diazepam, a substance that acts as the active ingredient in Valium.
At first, it was considered that Valium could not cause addiction symptoms. Furthermore, it was believed that the drug could not prove itself to be lethal, even if a patient intentionally overdosed on it. However, by 1975 Valium was already being abused by an immense number of people. Because diazepam could only be released by a physician's prescription, it started to be sold illegally on the streets.
In the course of the following years, reports of addiction, along with those of withdrawal began to circulate in the media. This led to establish the conclusion that Valium was, in fact, a drug that had the ability to induce addiction. The Roche Laboratories were facing such accusations, as insufficient tests and failing to inform physicians about Valium's side effects.
Nonetheless, diazepam continues to be widely prescribed around the globe as a medication, which is intended to cure insomnia, as well as anxiety disorders. The World Health Organization lists Valium as one of the core drugs that is considered to be mandatory for just about any healthcare system.
As a matter of fact, Valium was the first diazepine to be considered a "hit" or a "blockbuster". Throughout the 70s, diazepam was the most prescribed psychiatrical drug at a global scale. The drug increased its popularity, as an increasing number of people started using it because of its abilities to relieve the symptoms of anxiety and depression.
Valium ceased to be the "mother's helper" and became the first prescription medication in human history to be sought out by both men and women. Even though, the physicians, who prescribed the drug to these people, were confident in regards to its effectiveness in treating increased tension and nervousness, they became aware of a series of negative effects.
The immense popularity of diazepam was in decline, as physicians started to avoid mass-prescribing it to their patients. It was discovered that prolonged intake of Valium led to addiction. In order for the relaxing effects to be kept at the same level, the dosage of Valium had to be increased - a fact that led to numerous fatalities.
Furthermore, withdrawal symptoms of Valium included escalated nervousness and anxiety, which are exactly the health problems that the drug was supposed to treat. Diazepam began to be replaced by a variety of other benzodiazepines.
However, in modern times, Valium continues to be employed by neurologists and psychiatrists for the treatment of such ailments, as spastic paresis and severe epilepsy seisures.
On the other hand, diazepam is considered to by a high-addiction-risk drug, because of its profoundly relaxing effects. It is known, that most individuals nowadays suffer from stress and aditation. This is the primary primary reason why Valium is sold illegally on the street and continues to cause casualties among members of society.
Throughout its existence, Valium has shifted its main use between various fields of pharmacology. At the very beginning, diazepam was primarily used by psychiatrists for the effective treatment of anxiety disorders, along with depression. At the present moment, Valium is prescribed by neurologists. The present aim of the drug is to treat specific types of spastic activities, such as epilepsy.