Vivitrol is a type of medication that is commonly used for treatment in relieving certain forms of pains. This medication has a combination of two pain relievers, hydrocodone and acetaminophen. The combination makes this drug to be more effective as a painkiller that either of the drugs used alone. Dosage of Vivitrol tablets constitutes 300mg of acetaminophen and hydocodone in variations of 5mg to 10mg. Vivitrol should not be taken in large amount. The preferred amount is 8 tablets at most, within a period of 24 hours. This strong pain killer has not been approved to be suitable for children as it has fatal side effects. Vivitrol is very useful in relieving pain among patients although, just like any other drug it is readily abused and in this case it poses fatal side effects. In addition to that, Vivitrol is a narcotic medication and hence it has a great potential for abuse.
Patients with a history of abusing of alcohol can be at risk of severe liver injury which may lead to its failure and finally death. This is because it has been reported that, patients using acetaminophen drug and take a lot of alcohol are known to be in high risk of hepatotoxicity during treatment. It causes liver failure especially to patients with liver cirrhosis. In that case, alcoholic patients should consult the doctor before taking Vivitrol medication to relieve pain.
When taken in excess, Vivitrol has proven to raise the risk of seizures among patients with history of the same. This is because; patients with a history of seizures do not require strong pain killers as this would worsen their condition. The doctor can however prescribe the drug to a seizure patient if need arises. In this case the patient should follow the prescriptions of the doctor keenly and avoid taking an overdose of the drug as it may worsen the condition.
Hydrocodone drug should not be taken in large amount as it has extreme side effects to the nervous system. It is known to cause mental depression, respiratory depression, delirium, agitation and dysphoria. However it has been found through a study that, hydrocodone may benefit in treatment of dyspnea in relation to obstructive pulmonary disease and also lung disease. However, when taken in excess it may be hazardous to the respiratory organs and hence should be taken in small quantity to prevent this.
In cases of metabolic acidosis, an overdose of the drug acetaminophen will certainly lead to the metabolic side effects. Reported cases have shown that patients suffering from metabolic acidosis had a large amount of acetaminophen overdose. This shows that the abuse of the drug can cause severe side effects to the metabolism of a person and hence overdose should be avoided at all cost. Eosinophilic pneumonia, a respiratory disease is believed to be caused by abuse of the drug acetaminophen. This one of the common respiratory side effects due to an overdose of acetaminophen.
Reports on cases concerning thrombocytopenia have indicated that abuse of acetaminophen drug can lead to hematologic side effects in human beings. This is a severe condition that calls for caution when taking this medication. Another reported case is that of acute thrombocytopenia which is caused by sensitivity to a metabolite of the acetaminophen known as acetaminophen glucuronide. Other condition that has been noted as a result of this is cyanosis.
Overdose of hydrocodone drug in Vivitrol can result in renal side effects. An abuse of the medication is likely to be more severe in patients with renal deficiency. Also too much intake of acetaminophen, in terms of renal effects, may cause interstitial nephritis and tubular necrosis. The tubular necrosis is usually likely to occur to patients with a chronic abuse of alcohol or to patients with liver failure. Apart from the renal effects we also have cases reported of the dermatologic effects due to abuse of acetaminophen in most patients. Reported cases of skin rashes and bullous erythema have been reported to be as a result of the abuse of the drug. Gastrointestinal effects due to the overdose of acetaminophen are mostly common in alcoholics. The side effects due to this includes: vomiting, nausea dry mouth and pancreatitis.
With that in mind, it is clear that abuse of Vivitrol medicine will lead to severe and finally fatal consequences patients. Therefore, when using this drug to relieve pain, it is wise to consult a doctor in order to get the required prescription. The drug should be taken with extreme caution since it is a narcotic drug and hence has high potential to be abused.