Xodol (the trade name for Vicodin) generically contains hydrocodone and acetaminophen; hydrocodone is a pain reliever that attaches to brain cells and is further transmitted throughout the body relieving any instance of severe pains. Its counterpart acetaminophen boosts its functionality. However, recent Xodol statistics show that the compound when taken over long periods can cause permanent liver damages. The different variants of this drug like Lortab, Lorcet, Lorcet plus, Anexsia, Dolorex retail depending on the ratio of hydrocodone to acetaminophen in them. For instance Lorcet has 10 mg hydrocodone and 650 mg acetaminophen. There are diverse varieties of Lortab with the proportion of hydrocodone compound varying from one tab to the other. For example, Lortab 2.5/500, Lortab 5/500, Lortab 7.5/500 and Lortab 10/500 with the drug effects increasing respectively.
Xodol statistics published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology indicated that about 663 patients had liver damage induced by massive intake of acetaminophen - an active ingredient of an over-the-counter drug known as paracetamol. Out of this number, 161 patients took the drug to relieve common pains like headaches, toothaches and muscular pains. Patients who had an overdose were more likely to experience brain damage, kidney failure, problems with breathing and to an extent, death. It is the responsibility of doctors to run blood sample and check for possible symptoms of drug misuse in order to treat the situation. In a statement, research revealed that patients who were consciously taking staggered overdose were reserved in revealing their experiences with overdose. This indicates that Xodol abuse in Europe is done intentionally rather than accidental to attain euphoric feelings.
In Xodol statistics published in the Pediatrics Journal, the effects of acetaminophen on asthmatic kids were placed on the spot light. One of the sources of statistics was the "International Study of Allergy and Asthma" where more than half a million children (6-14 years) in 54 countries were reported to have been using acetaminophen at least once annually or monthly. A 61% risk of asthma pervasiveness was found on those who took the drug once every year while the risk of having asthma had tripled for those who used the drug more than once a year. The conclusion was that disconnecting these children from acetaminophen would cut the prevalence by 43%. In addition, the inference was that the compound exacerbates current asthma but with little evidence since earlier intellectuals believed that the compound opened airway and thus diminished these assumptions.
A new Xodol statistics carried in the USA indicated that most Xodol addiction is created by overstretching the use of the medication to suppress pain. The research was conducted among Iraq and Afghanistan war soldiers who experienced trauma. Those with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are more likely to end up as opioid addiction cases after using the medicine unlike those that are psychologically fit. The reason for these outcomes were due to the severe wounds and injury that prolong Xodol usage (almost 16,000 vets were prescribed with painkillers that would be taken for more than 20 days). Combining alcohol and drug use also contributed to the addiction. In the long-run the soldiers preferred continuous intake of painkillers rather than other alternatives such as pain care or mental health programs.
Furthermore, 18% of the vets who were administered painkillers for PSTD, depression and anxiety, were more likely to take more than the doctor's prescription leading to overdosing. Compared to the 7% who had no traces of mental health problems, superficial treatment of such problems without an inclusive evolution proved detrimental. Additionally, these individuals are more likely to quickly refill their prescription and seek alternative sedatives to increase ecstasy and relaxation. The research concludes that the effects of trauma like wars and accidents are far-reaching, extending the symptoms to permanent effects distressing the people around the victim.
An in-depth assessment of Xodol statistics on the effective treatment not only classified detoxification as an appropriate procedure, but also the extended services offered by drug-free recovery housing and treatment programs. These programs are essential to avoid the high relapse rate (65 - 80 %) as studied by the John Hopkins University School of Medicine researchers. In this study, 13% would abstain without receiving follow up treatment but the rate increased to 37% if follow ups were given to the affected. Therefore, commitment and support from family and the people around opioids ex-addicts is vital for their assured abstinence and recovery.